Old EPA Playing Rules
|Please Note: These playing rules are no longer in use. They are
here for the benefit of our members still using them to govern their local
League. For the current EPA Playing Rules, please refer to the World
Eightball Pool Federation Rules
|1. THE GAME
|The game shall
be known as 8 Ball Pool and referred to in these rules as "The Game". It
is intended that players and teams should play 8 Ball Pool in the true spirit
of the game and in a sportsmanlike manner. It should be clearly understood
that the referee is the sole judge of what is fair and unfair play. The
referee will take whatever action is necessary to ensure that these rules
|2. REQUIREMENTS OF THE GAME
|The game is played
on a rectangular 6-pocket table with 15 balls plus a cue ball. Balls comprise
of two numbered groups, 1-7 which are solid coloured balls, 9-15 are striped
coloured balls, the 8 ball is a solid colour black. Alternatively, the numerical
groups 1-7 and 9-15 may be represented by two different sets of 7 coloured
balls. Usually red replaces stripes (9-15), yellow replace solid (1-7).
Balls in the two groups are known as object balls.
|3. OBJECT OF THE GAME
| The player or
team pocketing all their group of object balls in any order, and then legally
pocketing the 8 ball, wins the game.
|4. COMMENCEMENT OF THE GAME (OR
- The balls are racked as illustrated on the rule sheet
with the 8 ball (black) on the 8 ball spot, which is at the intersection
of the centre and corner pockets.
- Order of play is determined by the flip of a coin.
The winner of the flip has the option of breaking, or requesting their
opponent to do so.
- The opening player plays at the triangle of object
balls by striking the cue ball from any position on, or behind, the
baulk line. An object ball must be pocketed, or at least TWO object
balls hit any cushion. Failure to do so is a foul break and will result
in the balls be re-racked as per rule sheet. The opposing player then
starts the game with two visits.
- If the 8 ball (black) is pocketed from the break shot,
the balls will be re-racked and the game will be restarted by the same
player. No penalty will be incurred. This applies even if other balls,
including the cue ball, are pocketed, or leave the playing surface ("off
- On the first occasion a player legally pockets an object
ball, including following a foul, then that ball denotes their group,
unless one or more of both groups are pocketed, the player MUST then
nominate a group before play continues.
- If no object ball is pocketed from a legal break, then
the players continue alternatively playing at either group until such
a time as a legal pot is made, which decides the player's group.
- If a foul is committed, (other than as in rule
4(D)), and one or more object balls are pocketed before playing
groups are decided, then those balls are ignored in determining the
groups to be played. The oncoming player may play at any ball on the
table, including the 8 ball (black) for the first shot, the first legal
pot to determine the group as in rule 4(E).
- If a ball, or balls, are legally pocketed, this entitles
the player to one additionaly shot and this continues until the player
- Fails to pocket one of their own set of allocated balls, or;
- Commits a foul at any time.
- Combination shots are allowed, providing the player
hits one of their own group first, or any ball with the first shot following
any foul (see rule 6(C)).
- In off (cue ball pocketed).
- Hitting an oppenents ball(s) with the cue ball on first
impact of the cue ball, except with the first shot following any foul.
- Failing to hit any ball with the cue ball, except where
rule 8(C) applies.
- Jump shot - defined as when the cue ball jumps over
any part of any ball before making contact with any ball.
- Hitting the 8 ball (black) with the cue ball on first
impact of the cue ball before all their own group are pocketed, except
with the first shot following any foul.
- Potting any opponent's ball, except with the first
shot following any foul.
- Ball off the table.
A ball shall be deemed "off the table" if it comes to rest anywhere
other than on the bed of the table.
- Any object ball or the 8 ball (black), shall be returned to the
8 ball spot (see rule 4(A)), or as near as possible
to that spot without touching any other ball, in direct line between
that spot and the centre of the string line.
- If the cue ball, then the cue ball played from in hand (see rule
- If a player's body or clothing should touch any ball.
Except the cue ball after the referee calls a "foul", when the player
is entitled to the cue ball in hand (see rule 6(B)).
- Player not having at least part of one foot on the
- Playing or touching with the cue any ball other than
the cue ball.
- Striking the cue ball with any part of the cue other
than the tip.
- Playing out of turn.
- Playing before all balls have come to rest.
- Playing before any ball(s) require re-spotting.
- Striking the cue ball with the cue more than once.
- Push shot - defined as where the cue tip remains in
contact with the cue ball for more than the momentary time commensurate
with a normal stroked shot, or the cue tip remains in contact with the
cue ball once it has commenced it's forward motion.
- Failing to nominate when balls of both groups are pocketed
with the first legal pot.
- Foul break, failing to pot an object ball or drive
at least two object balls to hit any cushions.
|6. PENALTY FOLLOWING ANY FOUL
- Following any foul the offending player loses their
next visit to the table, giving their opponent two consecutive visits
to the table
- If the cue ball has come to rest on the playing surface,
then the player having two visits may proceed to play from where the
cue ball lies, or the cue ball may be played from any position on or
behind the baulk line. Moving the cue ball in this manner does not count
as a shot, or visit. (Players are advised to ask the referee to hand
them the cue ball).
- On the first shot only of the first visit, the oncoming
player may, without nomination, play the cue ball on to any ball without
penalty, including any opponent's ball(s), or 8 ball (black). If any
object ball(s) is pocketed directly, or by combination, the player is
deemed to have pocketed a legal ball(s), and continues with the first
visit. However, the player must not pot the 8 ball (black), which would
mean loss of game. Except if the player is on the 8 ball (black), then
the game would be won. When the player fails to pot a ball on the first
or subsequent shot of the first visit, play then continues with the
second visit. The second visit is deemed to have started when the cue
ball is struck on the first shot of the second visit.
|7. LOSS OF GAME
- If a player pockets the 8 ball (black) before all the
balls in their own group, except on the break (see rule
4(D)), the player loses the game.
- A player going in off the 8 ball (black) when the 8
ball (black) is pocketed, loses the game.
- A player pocketing the 8 ball (black) and any other
ball on the same shot will lose the game. Except following a foul when
only the 8 ball (black) and ball(s) of the opponents group are on the
table, then with the first shoy of the first visit, the player may legally
pocket the 8 ball (black) as well as ball(s) of the opponent's group
by any combination and in any order.
- A player who clearly fails to make any attempt to play
a ball of their own group will lose the game.
- Touching ball.
- Touching opponent's ball or 8 ball (black), the player MUST play
a ball of their own group. Except on the first shot of the first
visit following any foul, this entitles the player to any ball.
- Touching any ball the player is legally entitled to play. The
player may choose either;
- Play away from the touching ball, and be deemed to have played
that ball. Should the cue ball fail to make contact with any
ball, or strike the opponents ball, or 8 ball (black), then
the shot is fair, no foul.
- Play to move the touching ball, but great care should be taken
not to play a push shot, (foul 5(P)), or contact
the cue ball twice, (foul 5(O)). (Moving the
object ball is not automatically a foul).
- Cue ball in hand
When a player has the cue ball in hand, the ball is played from any
position on, or behind, the string line, and in any direction.
- Player in control
A player is said to be in control of the table from the time their body,
cue, or clothing touches the table prior to their shot, throughout the
visit, and up until the opponent does likewise prior to their visit.
Any ball(s) which fall into pockets during this period, (including the
8 ball (black)).
- Completion of game.
The game is completed when the 8 ball (black) is pocketed legally in
any pocket, and all the remaining balls have come to rest, except on
the break (see rule 4(D) ).
|Should any situation
arise whereby a legal shot is IMPOSSIBLE to play, then the game shall be
restarted by the player who started that frame, whether this situation has
been arrived at by accident or design.
If in the opinion of the referee neither player is allowing the game to
progress, or a stalemate situation has arisen, then the game shall be restarted
by the player who started that frame. The referee shall not allow numerous
visits with neither player making any attempt to make the opening pot which
decides the playing groups (unless it is felt that progress is being made).
If the player who started that frame did so by virtue of their opponent
making a foul break, that player will break on any restart, not the opponent
who made the foul break.
- The term "SHOT" means striking the cue ball once.
- The term "VISIT" refers to the one turn at the table comprising of
one or a series of shots.
- The term "BREAK" refers to the first shot of a game, or the first
shot of a game being restarted.
- Coaching is deemed unsportsmanlike behaviour. (see rule
- A referee may, only if requested, advise on the rules of the game.
These rules are the copyright of the E.P.A. 1991
and are not to be reproduced without the written authorisation of
the publishers (ENGLISH POOL ASSOCIATION).